In this presentation by Maryam Kavousi, MD, PhD from Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, she provides clinical insights on heart health, particularly for women.
Cardiovascular risk factors can help determine the risk age of an individual for developing heart disease. Knowing an individual’s cardiovascular risk age can help facilitate behavior change. For example, if a patient is 45 years old but has several cardiovascular risk factors like smoking, elevated blood lipids or cholesterol, or obesity, he or she might have the cardiovascular risk age of a 65 year-old person.
Cardiovascular age can be measured in clinical settings with imaging tools, which include carotid intima medial thickness (measured by ultrasound) and coronary artery calcification (measured by CT scan).
After menopause, women have elevated risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Adding preventive lifestyle behaviors like physical activity and improved nutrition intake can reduce their risk. Advances in imaging, biomarkers, and prognostic tools can improve predict the development of cardiovascular disease in women, and improve prevention strategies.