Epigenetics involves genetic control by factors other than the DNA sequence. The epigenome is made up of chemical compounds and proteins which attach to DNA and direct actions such as turning genes on and off. When epigenomic compounds attach to DNA and modify its function, they are said to have ‘marked’ the genome. DNA methylation and histone acetylation/deacetylation are two important epigenetic mechanisms that lead to changes in gene expression

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