Key points: A recent systematic review set out to determine if dairy had negative or positive effects on cardiovascular health. This review examined past research that investigated the association between dairy consumption with cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Evidence shows a positive association between total dairy intake and hypertension as well low-fat dairy and T2D. There was a moderate, but positive, effect of evidence between total dairy, low fat dairy, fermented dairy and the risk of stroke.
Overall the review indicated a positive or neutral association for the consumption of dairy and heart health. Further research needs to be conducted looking at low-fat, regular, and high fat dairy effects on cardiovascular disease.
Why is this clinically relevant?
- Dairy has a positive effect on hypertension
- Dairy has a moderate effect on stroke
- Overall, consumption of dairy products seems to have a positive or neutral effect on heart health